This time I will explain power management.
By reading this sentence, you can learn what power is in an organization and human resource management and learn what to pay attention to as power management.
What is power in the organization and human resources management
First of all, let’s think about what is power in the organization and human resources management.
Leaders in corporate organizations are leading the organization by demonstrating leadership to achieve business goals, but in doing so leadership, as well as power, is required.
Examples of power here include power derived from relative status, ability to give knowledge and rewards, ability to give fear to members, things liked by everyone It can be raised.
By organizing these, the power in the organization and human resource management can be summarized into the following four.
① Award punishment: Those who can exercise their power to members with the power to affect the annual income and career of their members
② Justification: Power that comes from the satisfaction that is not a personal loss account. Ability to make me think that “Because it is an order of the representative director
③ Identification: The power generated by being psychologically unified. Ability to think that “for this person, it will not be a holiday attendance”
④ Information: Power based on having professional knowledge and superior information
Regarding these powers, they are not concentrated on only one leader, but they exist dispersedly within the organization.
For example, members with a higher level of expertise than a leader for a particular task will recognize that the person has power.
In this way, the power exists dispersedly within the organization, but when each person uses power only to achieve their goals, it becomes a political activity in the organization and that power It falls into an unfavorable state for the organization or group to which the member belongs.
On the other hand, if the power is appropriately distributed within the organization, it is also possible to manage all employees.
Such a process is accomplished by ” powerful” empowerment by power grabbers who give power to other members.
However, empowering members who are not capable of managing all participating groups will pose a risk to the organization as it is.
About power management
Let’s think about power management next.
Power management is to manage the balance of power, including the members around, membership, power usage, environments etc., to achieve the goal.
So, what is power management specifically for achieving the goal?
The flow of power management is as shown in the above figure.
First, let’s clarify what kind of goal we want to achieve.
Next, with regard to the achievement of the goal, since it is difficult to achieve many things by oneself alone, members of the organization will grasp the members who will become key persons in action to achieve the goal.
Members belonging to the organization have their own values and ideas even if they belong to the same organization, and their respective goals themselves are also different, but in order to achieve their goals, It is necessary for such members to act according to their own ideas.
On top of that, I will try to grasp the dependency relationship between myself and the key person, the contents of the power each of them and their situation.
And what kind of power is necessary for achieving your goal, where you are derived from, and what you should do in order to make your own power bigger Thinking, we will actually lead to action.
Let’s take a concrete example.
Assuming that Mr. A, a newly appointed salesperson, has set up the development of new customers as the target at the beginning of the fiscal year, how do we go about realizing the goal by performing power management?
Among the senior employees of the same sales department, Mr. B was an excellent employee in developing new customers, so Mr. A is a key person to achieve the goal (= development of new customers).
Mr. B actively participated in an exchange party at a different industry etc. outside the company in order to develop new customers and used the network that expanded there to develop new customers. It can be said that it is B’s power.
Since Mr. A did not have the opportunity to participate in an outside event such as a different industry exchange meeting, since Mr. B’s power is highly likely to be useful for A’s achievement of goal, Mr. A will give Mr. B I asked them to participate in a different industry exchange meeting together, and decided to utilize the personal connections that I extended.
In this way, we have tackled achievement of the goal of cultivating new customers by strengthening the power that Mr. A originally possesses through having him share the know-how (power) of Mr. B (= empowerment) It is.
In this way, compare the power of your key person with your own power, consider what power you need to achieve your goal, what you need to strengthen that power, and exercise your power We will develop strategies and tactics for it, and we will effectively utilize timing and combinations etc. to contemplate.
I have explained power and power management in the organization and human resource management.
If we can effectively utilize the power of the members of the organization, we can advance the goal of the organization itself and the individual’s goal, but if it is used for political activities within the organization, It will affect.
It is important that those who are entrusted to the leadership of the organization pay attention to the power management among the members, in addition to exercising power to achieve their goals.